Reuben "Rube" Goldberg was a Pulitzer Prize winning American cartoonist best known for his series of popular cartoons depicting complex devices that perform simple tasks in indirect, convoluted ways.  The Reuben Award of the National Cartoonists Society is named in his honor.  There are several contests around the world known as Rube Goldberg contests which challenge high school and college students to make a complex machine to perform a simple task.  Rube was born on Independence Day 1883 and died on Pearl Harbor Day 1970.
Meet Rube Goldberg
In 1995, Rube Goldberg's "Self-Operating Napkin" was included in the Comic Strip Classics series of commemorative U.S. postage stamps.
The popular child's game Mouse Trap is based on Goldberg's machines.
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Rube wrote Soup to Nuts, the film debut of the Three Stooges!